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Mahmoud Abbas Fast Facts

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Children: Three sons Mazen (died 2002), Yasser and Tareq

Education: University of Damascus, BA; Eastern College (in Moscow), Ph.D.

Other data

His family left the area of ​​the British Safed mandate, Palestine, to live there Syria as refugees in 1948.

Abbas laid tiles and taught primary school before earning a law degree.

He played an integral role in forging the Declaration of Principles, the Oslo Accords signed in 1993 by the PLO president Yasser Arafat and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel.

It was the main force in the Palestinian National Council’s decision to work with Israeli peace groups.

He is also known as Abu Mazen. (Abu is a slang term to describe the head of the family or the father of children).

Chronology

1959 – Founding member of the Palestinian National Liberation Movement (Fatah), which became the largest political group in the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

1964Fatah joins the PLO.

1967 He is appointed a member of the Fatah Central Committee.

1968He joins the Palestinian National Council (PNC).

1980 He is elected a member of the PLO Executive Committee.

September 1993 – He accompanies Arafat to the White House to sign the Oslo Accords or the Declaration of Principles.

1995Signs the interim peace agreement with Israel.

March 19, 2003 He accepts the post of Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority.

June 3, 2003He meets with US President George W. Bush and the leaders of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Bahrain, in Egypt, in terms of peace efforts.

September 6, 2003 He resigns as Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority.

November 11, 2004 – He becomes the president of the PLO after Arafat’s death.

January 9, 2005He declares victory in the Palestinian presidential election.

May 26, 2005 – He meets with Bush; the first meeting with the Palestinian Authority in the White House since the peace talks broke down in 2000. Bush pledges to give the Palestinian Authority $ 50 million in aid.

May 31, 2005He undergoes a minor and successful heart procedure at a hospital in Amman, Jordan.

February 21, 2006Question The leader of Hamas, Ismail Haniya to assemble a government. Haniya takes the oath in March.

June 14, 2007He dissolves the government and dismisses Haniya as prime minister. Haniya rejects him and remains the de facto leader in the Gaza Strip.

June 15, 2007He appoints economist Salam Fayyad as the new prime minister of a Palestinian emergency cabinet.

November 27, 2007 He is attending the Annapolis Middle East Peace Conference, the first formal U.S.-sponsored peace conference since 2000. He is also attended by diplomats and representatives from dozens of countries and organizations in hopes of restarting negotiations in peace of the Middle East.

April 24, 2008 – He meets with Bush at the White House.

January 2009He extends his term until 2010, citing a clause in the constitution.

December 16, 2009The PLO’s Central Council votes to extend Abbas’s term as president indefinitely.

May 4, 2011Abbas i Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal formally adopt a reconciliation agreement during a ceremony in Egypt.
September 16, 2011Abbas announces during a speech in Ramallah that he will pursue a plenary United Nations candidacy for accession to Palestine.

September 23, 2011 Abbas sends a letter requesting a state to the UN Secretary-General.

January 3, 2013Abbas issues a decree to change the name of the organization as “State of Palestine.”

December 31, 2014 – A day after the UN Security Council rejected a resolution calling for the Palestinian state in 2017 and for Israel to withdraw from the West Bank and East Jerusalem, Abbas calls for joining the International Criminal Court. This sets the stage for the Palestinian Authority to pursue allegations of war crimes against Israel.
September 30, 2015 – It is addressed to the United Nations General Assembly before historic raising of the Palestinian flag at the United Nations, saying the Palestinian Authority is no longer bound by the Oslo Accords.
September 8, 2016 – Soviet documents once secret, obtained by CNN from Mitrokhin Archive of Churchill College, University of Cambridge, they claim that Abbas, who finished his postgraduate work in Moscow in 1982, was a KGB agent while he was a member of the PLO in Damascus. Palestinian leaders denigrate the report as a “defamation campaign.”
October 6, 2016 – He is hospitalized make him test his heart.
May 3, 2017 – They meet with The President of the United States, Donald Trump in the White House.
December 10, 2017 – Abbas cancels a meeting with U.S. Vice President Mike Pence following that of Trump recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
January 14, 2018 – Abbas calls on the PLO “to review all the agreements signed between the PLO and Israel because Israel has taken these agreements to a dead end,” and accuses Israel of ending the Oslo agreement. This criticism comes six weeks after Trump announced the recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

May 28, 2018 – He leaves the hospital after receiving treatment for pneumonia.

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