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These are the new UNESCO World Heritage Sites

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(CNN) – A prehistoric solar observatory in the middle of a desert. A decades-old railway that divides two high mountain ranges. Stunning rock engraving dating back 7,000 years.

After several days of online deliberations, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has voted to add 33 new spaces to its list of World Heritage Sites so far, with more discussions to come.

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee did not meet last year, so this year’s session, based in Fuzhou, China, and with the participation of virtual participants from around the world, is reviewing the 2020 and 2021 nominations.

Criteria for the UNESCO World Heritage List

The church of Atlantis in Uruguay is on the list, designed by architect Eladio Dieste. Here’s a look inside its impressive bell tower.

Matilde Campodonico / AP

UNESCO designated its first World Heritage Sites in 1978, with Yellowstone National Park in the United States and the Galapagos Islands in Ecuador among the destinations of the inaugural meeting.

Four decades later, being crowned a World Heritage Site by UNESCO remains a much-desired honor for many destinations.

UNESCO says that in order to be included in the World Heritage List, the sites must have “exceptional universal value”.

The nomination process can span years and, if a milestone fails to cut a year, it could be re-examined when the next UNESCO convention takes place.

The Cordouan lighthouse at Le Verdon-sur-Mer in southwestern France is also recently inscribed on the UNESCO list.

The Cordouan lighthouse at Le Verdon-sur-Mer in southwestern France is also recently inscribed on the UNESCO list.

Philippe Lopez / AFP / Getty Images

Destinations must meet one of several criteria to make the list. Perhaps they are “a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or civilization that lives or has disappeared.” Or perhaps they contain “superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.”

If a landmark gets UNESCO World Heritage, the country can get financial help and expert advice from UNESCO to help preserve the site.

India’s Ramappa Temple, also known as Rudreshwara Temple, is another addition to the UNESCO list.

India’s Ramappa Temple, also known as Rudreshwara Temple, is another addition to the UNESCO list.

Banda Sridhar Raju / ASI / UNESCO

The UNESCO status also places the destination on the map and is sometimes attributed to an increase in the number of tourists.

On the other hand, some of the most famous places of UNESCO are also the destinations that have become more synonymous with the phenomenon of sobrotourism in recent years: we take the city of Venice, on the under threat of losing its UNESCO status due to the impact of tourists and the Peruvian archaeological wonder of Machu Picchu, which struggled with an overwhelming pandemic presence.

Amazing destinations

The archaeoastronomical complex of Chankillo, Peru, is now a World Heritage Site.

The archaeoastronomical complex of Chankillo, Peru, is now a World Heritage Site.

Janine Costa / AFP / Getty Images

This was stated by a UNESCO representative CNN Travel that deliberations will end on Friday, July 30th. So far, a handful of natural spaces have been added to the list, including the Kaeng Krachan forest complex in Thailand, a forest known for its endangered plants and birds.

Meanwhile, some two dozen cultural sites have been confirmed, including the historic limestone city of As-Salt in Jordan.

Also on the list is the archaeoastronomical complex of Chankillo, a prehistoric site in Peru that was formerly used to track the sun, in order to delimit the dates over a one-year period.

Meanwhile, the Trans-Iranian Railway, a 1,394-kilometer-long track spanning two mountain ranges, is now also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Built in the 1920s and 1930s, the railroad navigates some steep routes, as well as an incredible 174 large bridges, 186 smaller bridges, and 224 tunnels, including 11 spiral tunnels.

The Trans-Iranian Railway is a new addition to the UNESCO list.  The railway crosses mountainous landscapes, connecting the Caspian Sea with the Persian Gulf.

The Trans-Iranian Railway is a new addition to the UNESCO list. The railway crosses mountainous landscapes, connecting the Caspian Sea with the Persian Gulf.

Hossein Javadi / UNESCO

Rock art from the Ḥimā Cultural Area of ​​Saudi Arabia also made the cut, as did the French city of Nice, while spa towns across Europe, including Bath, England and Františkovy Lázně, in the Czech Republic , were confirmed as a collective group.

Two sites were also inscribed in India: the Ramappa temple, also known as Rudreshwara, is now a UNESCO site, thanks to its “floating” bricks, while the ancient city of Dholavira was also recognized.

UNESCO also voted for it remove the English city of Liverpool from your list, due to UNESCO’s concerns about the impact of the development of new buildings. The committee also proposed that Romania’s Roșia Montană mining landscape, another new addition to the World Heritage List, be added to its endangered World Heritage list. This time there were no sites removed from the endangered list.

The most recent World Heritage sites

2020

Turkey: Arslantepe Mound

Peru: Archaeoastronomical complex of Chankillo

Belgium / Netherlands: Colonies of Benevolence

France: Cordouan lighthouse

India: Kakatiya Rudreshwara Temple (Ramappa), Telangana

Germany: Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt

Italy: Cycles of frescoes from the 14th century in Padua

Spain: Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro, a landscape of Arts and Sciences

China: Quanzhou: World Emporium in Song-Yuan China

Romania: Mining landscape of Roșia Montana

Brazil: Sítio Roberto Burle Marx

Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom and Northern Ireland: The great thermal cities of Europe

Uruguay: The work of engineer Eladio Dieste: Church of Atlantis

Iran: Railroad will cross

Saudi Arabia: Ḥimā Cultural Area

Japan: Amami-Oshima Island, Tokunoshima Island, northern part of Okinawa Island and Iriomote Island

Georgia: Rainforests and wetlands of Colchic

South Korea: Getbol, ​​Korean Tidal Flats

Thailand: Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex

2021

Jordan: As-Salt: the place of tolerance and urban hospitality

Iran: Hawraman / Uramanat cultural landscape

India: Dholavira: in Harappan City

Germany / Netherlands: Frontiers of the Roman Empire – The Low German Limes

Japan: Prehistoric sites of Jomon in northern Japan

France: Nice, winter resort on the Riviera

Chile: Settlement and artificial mummification of the chinchorro culture in the region of Arica and Parinacota

Germany: ShUM sites in Speyer, Worms and Mainz

Ivory Coast: Sudanese-style mosques in northern Côte d’Ivoire

Italy: The porticos of Bologna

Slovenia: The works of Jože Plečnik in Ljubljana – Urban design focused on the human being

United Kingdom: The Slate Landscape of Northwest Wales

Russia: Petroglyphs of Lake Onega and the White Sea

Gabon: Ivindo National Park

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