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Quick details of Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán

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Appears: Emilio Guzmán Bustillos, subsistence farmer

Sea: María Consuelo Loera Pérez

Marriages: He is believed to have been married at least three times, most recently to Emma Coronel Aispuro (2007-present).

Children: He is thought to have had between 12 and 13 children

Other facts

The nickname, “El Chapo”, means “Shorty”. Guzmán is 5’6 “tall.

Former leader of the Sinaloa Poster, which the U.S. Department of Justice describes as “one of the most prolific, violent, and powerful drug cartels in the world,” moving billions and billions of dollars in marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine.

He was able to continue directing the Sinaloa poster in prison through bribes.

The Sinaloa cartel controls approximately 40% to 60% of Mexico’s drug trade, with earnings around $ 3 billion annually.

In 2014, he claimed to have killed between 2,000 and 3,000 people.

He is said to be semi-literate and does not receive formal education beyond third grade.

He is known for using complex tunnel systems both to evade the authorities and to move the massive amounts of drugs that made the Sinaloa Cartel so powerful.

His cartel has produced, smuggled and distributed marijuana, heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine and other drugs.

Guzmán is perceived by some as a hero, with many narcocorridos, “ballads of drugs”, which glorify the heads, written in his honor.

There have been charges against Guzmán in 10 legal cases in Mexico, as well as federal charges in Arizona, California, Texas, Illinois, New York, Florida and New Hampshire. He was convicted of 10 charges related to federal drug offenses in February 2019 following a trial in Brooklyn, New York.

Chronology

1960s – He starts planting marijuana with his cousins.

1970s He began transporting drugs to major Mexican cities and to the U.S. border and working with major drug traffickers such as Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, leader of the Guadalajara Cartel.

1980s – Member of the Guadalajara Cartel. After the arrest of Felix Gallardo, the cartel is divided into factions. Guzmán becomes the leader of the Pacific Coast faction of the Sinaloa Cartel.

February 1992 – Police find the bodies of six of Guzmán’s top lieutenants dumped on the roads of Tijuana; the six men had been tortured and shot.

November 1992 – Six people are shot dead in a nightclub in Puerto Vallarta by gunmen who worked for Guzmán, whose targets are the traffickers in the Tijuana cartel.

May 1993 – Gunmen in the Tijuana cartel attempt to assassinate Guzmán in retaliation, firing at a vehicle at an airport. Guzmán escapes unharmed, but Cardinal Archbishop of Guadalajara Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampa dies accidentally, along with six other people.

June 9, 1993 – Wanted for drug trafficking, murder and kidnapping, he is arrested in Guatemala and extradited to Mexico. Guzmán is later sentenced to a minimum of 20 years in a maximum security prison.

Early 2000s – Violence across Mexico increases as the El Chapo Sinaloa Cartel attempts to invade Tijuana territory and the Gulf Cartel.

January 19, 2001 – He escapes from the Puente Grande maximum security prison in Jalisco, Mexico, in a laundry truck. The planned escape requires bribes and cooperation that allegedly cost him $ 2.5 million, according to Malcolm Beith’s book, “The Last Narco.”

2004 – The U.S. government is announcing a $ 5 million reward for information leading to Guzmán’s arrest and conviction.

May 2008 – Guzmán’s son, Edgar, is shot dead in a parking lot near Culican, Mexico.

2009 – Guzmán and other cartel leaders are accused of conspiring to import more than 264,000 pounds of cocaine into the United States between 1990 and 2005.

August 2011 – Guzmán’s wife, Emma Coronel Aispuro, who has dual Mexican and American nationality, gives birth to twins in a hospital outside Los Angeles.

2012 – U.S. Treasury Department Uses Overseas Narcotics Chief Designation Act to Freeze American property of his relatives.

February 22, 2014 – Guzmán is detained at a beach resort in Mazatlán, Mexico.

July 11, 2015 – He escapes from the federal prison of the Altiplano of maximum security near Toluca, Mexico, crawling through an opening in the shower area of ​​its cell block leading to a nearly mile tunnel.
October 2015 – As he flees, he meets movie star Sean Penn and Mexican actress Kate del Castillo. Then comes Penn’s interview with Guzmán Rolling stone magazine. “I supply more heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and marijuana than anyone in the world,” Guzmán was quoted as saying. “I have a fleet of submarines, planes, trucks and ships.”
January 8, 2016 – Guzmán is being recovered by Mexican authorities in Los Mochis, Sinaloa, after a raid provokes a shooting in which five people related to Guzmán die.

May 9, 2016 – A Mexican judge approves US request to extradite Guzmán, who faces charges in seven states. Once extradited, he will be sent to Brooklyn, New York, to stand trial on federal charges.

January 19, 2017 – Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mexico Guzmán is handed over to the US authorities.
November 13, 2018 – Guzmán’s long-awaited criminal trial begins in a New York federal district court amid unprecedented security measures, including armed escorts for anonymous and partially abducted jurors, as well as heavily armed marshals and federal officers armed with bomb-smelling dogs guarding out of court.
January 15, 2019 – Guzmán he once paid a $ 100 million bribe in the old Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto according to the testimony given by a former personal assistant close to Guzmán during his trial. Peña Nieto’s ex-chief of staff denies the accusation.
February 12, 2019 – Guzmán is convicted by the 10 federal criminal charges against him. including involvement in an ongoing criminal enterprise, conspiracy to launder narcotics, international distribution of cocaine, heroin, marijuana and other drugs, and use of firearms. He faces a mandatory life sentence with no possibility of parole to lead a continuing criminal enterprise, and a sentence of up to life imprisonment for the remaining drug counts. His lawyers say they plan to file an appeal on a number of issues.
February 21, 2019 – The US Department of Justice announces that Joaquín Guzmán López and Ovidio Guzmán López, two children of “El Chap”, are accused of conspiracy to distribute drugs for import into the US.
July 3, 2019 – A federal judge denies Guzmán’s request for a new trial.
June 10, 2021 – Colonel pleads guilty to three counts: conspiracy to distribute heroin, cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamine for import into the United States; conspiracy to launder monetary instruments; and violating the Kingpin Act by participating in transactions and business owned by Guzmán.
November 30, 2021 – Colonel is sentenced to three years in prison and four years of probation. He must lose $ 1.5 million and pay a special assessment fine of $ 300 for each of the three charges he pleaded guilty to.

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