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What are the Treatment Options for Female Infertility? 



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Infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant after at least one year of trying (or 6 months if the woman is over age 35). Infertility is also referred to when a woman continues to miscarry. Female infertility can be caused by age, physical issues, hormonal issues, and lifestyle or environmental factors. But fortunately, there is a range of treatment options, from a healthy lifestyle to the use of donor eggs, which we will discuss below.

The failure to ovulate is the most common overall cause of female infertility, occurring in 40% of infertile women. Ovulation problems can be caused by a variety of factors, including: Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are ovarian or other gynecological conditions. You can consult the best gynecologists in Lahore to seek treatment for infertility. 

The inability to become pregnant is the most common symptom of infertility. If your menstrual cycle is too long (35 days or more), too short (less than 21 days), irregular, or absent, you may not be ovulating. There may be no additional signs or symptoms.

Common Causes of Infertility in Females: 

The most common causes of female infertility are ovulation problems, damage to the fallopian tubes or uterus, and cervix problems. Age can contribute to infertility because a woman’s fertility naturally declines as she ages.

Other than these causes, here are some other factors that may lead to infertility in females; 

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Age
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Sexual History
  • Infections
  • Structural Abnormalities
  • Ovulation problems due to hormonal imbalance
  • Endometriosis 

Maintaining a healthy weight and eating a healthy diet can be beneficial for both men and women experiencing infertility. You and your male partner should stop smoking, using drugs, or drinking alcohol.

What are the Treatment Options for Infertility in Females?

Infertility treatments can range from medications to embryo implantation via assisted reproductive technology (ART) or Assisted conception. There are treatments designed specifically for men or women, as well as some that involve both partners. Infertility is treated with conventional medical therapies such as medication or surgery in 85% to 90% of cases.

Hormone imbalances can lead to ovulation problems. Your hormone levels may be tested by your specialist. If a hormone imbalance is discovered, treatment can often correct it. This treatment may also increase your chances of becoming pregnant.


The most commonly used infertility medications stimulate ovulation. These are some examples of these medications:

  • Clomiphene or Clomiphene Citrate

Clomiphene is a medication that patients take orally (orally). It stimulates the production of hormones that cause eggs to mature in the ovaries. If a woman does not become pregnant after six menstrual cycles of taking clomiphene, her doctor may recommend other fertility treatments.

  • Letrozole

It is an oral pill that reduces a woman’s estrogen production, stimulating her ovaries to release eggs.

  • Gonadotropins and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), for example, is a hormone that is injected into a woman to directly stimulate egg growth in the ovaries, resulting in ovulation.

  • Metformin

Metformin is not a fertility medication, but it may help women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) ovulate because it treats insulin resistance, which may regulate hormones.

Surgical Procedures: 

Laparoscopic surgical procedure is used to determine whether the fallopian tubes are open and to diagnose pelvic pathology such as endometriosis. It is also used to treat endometriosis, remove ovarian cysts, scar tissue, and damaged tubes (i.e. hydrosalpinges) that may impair fertility.

Surgery to remove endometriosis patches has been shown to increase the likelihood of pregnancy. Surgery can also be used to remove uterine fibroids, polyps, or scarring, all of which can interfere with fertility.

Assisted Conception:

Treatment for infertility can be a long, stressful, and emotional journey, but success rates are improving and procedures are safer than ever. The treatment you receive will most likely be determined by the cause of your infertility.

The use of medical techniques to aid in the process of becoming pregnant is known as assisted conception. The most well-known method is in vitro fertilization (IVF), but there are other methods such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), as well as using donor eggs or sperm.

Other than medications and surgical procedures; assisted conception techniques are very successful in providing the results. Here are two main types of assisted conception; 

Intrauterine insemination (IUI):

Healthy sperm is placed in the uterus as close to the time of ovulation as possible during intrauterine insemination (IUI). IUI can be used in conjunction with ovulation stimulation. The sperm could come from the woman’s partner or a donor.

In vitro fertilization (IVF):

In IVF, the ovaries are stimulated with drugs to produce more eggs than usual. The eggs are then extracted and fertilized in a laboratory with the sperm by mixing them together in a dish.

The fertilized eggs that result are known as embryos, and they are then returned to the womb to grow and develop. 

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a treatment for couples whose man has a low sperm count or sperm of poor quality. It is part of an IVF procedure, but the sperm is injected directly into the egg rather than being mixed in a dish.

This increases the chances of conception because the sperm does not need to penetrate the egg because this is accomplished with the injection. The couple’s treatment is identical to standard IVF because the only difference is the laboratory process to fertilize the egg.

Infertility treatment takes time and can be expensive. Both partners must make a significant commitment. Some treatments are costly, and they may not be covered by insurance. 

It is important to talk with your gynecologist in Gujranwala for selecting the best treatment option for you according to your infertility cause. 

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