What causes oily skin and how to get rid of it?

Oily skin is a common skin condition characterized by the excessive production of sebum, a natural oil that lubricates and protects the skin. While sebum is necessary for healthy skin, overproduction can lead to a greasy appearance, enlarged pores, and increased acne formation. Understanding the causes of oily skin and adopting effective strategies to manage it can help maintain a balanced complexion.

Causes of Oily Skin:

  • Genetics: Genetic factors play a significant role in determining skin type, including whether an individual has oily skin. If your parents have oily skin, you are more likely to inherit the condition.
  • Hormonal Fluctuations: Hormonal imbalances during puberty, pregnancy, or menopause can trigger an increase in sebum production. This can lead to oily skin and an increased susceptibility to acne breakouts.
  • Environmental Influences: Environmental factors such as high humidity and heat can stimulate the sebaceous glands, resulting in increased oil production. Pollution and exposure to certain chemicals can also contribute to oily skin.
  • Skincare Practices: Improper skincare routines can exacerbate oily skin. Over-cleansing or using harsh soaps can strip away too much oil, leading to an overcompensation by the sebaceous glands, thus producing even more sebum. For proper guidance on the ideal skincare practices, refer to a Skin Specialist in Karachi.

How to Get Rid of Oily Skin:

  • Gentle Cleansing: Start with a gentle cleanser specifically formulated for oily or combination skin. Avoid harsh soaps or cleansers that strip away too much oil, as this can stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. Look for products containing salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, which help control oil production and prevent acne breakouts.
  • Regular Exfoliation: Exfoliating the skin regularly helps remove dead skin cells and unclog pores. Use a gentle exfoliating scrub or a chemical exfoliant containing ingredients like alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs). However, avoid over-exfoliating as it can irritate the skin and trigger more oil production.
  • Oil-Free Moisturizer: Contrary to popular belief, even oily skin needs moisturization. Choose oil-free or non-comedogenic moisturizers that provide hydration without adding extra oil. Look for ingredients like hyaluronic acid or glycerin, which are lightweight and non-greasy.
  • Oil-Control Products: Incorporate oil-control products into your skincare routine. Use oil-absorbing sheets or blotting papers throughout the day to remove excess oil from the skin’s surface. Additionally, try using mattifying primers or setting powders to help control shine and keep oil production at bay.
  • Sun Protection: Protecting your skin from harmful UV rays is crucial, even for oily skin. Look for lightweight, oil-free, and non-comedogenic sunscreens with a broad-spectrum SPF of 30 or higher. Choose gel or lotion formulations instead of heavy creams.
  • Balanced Diet: Maintain a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Avoid excessive consumption of greasy, fried, or sugary foods, as they can potentially worsen oily skin. Staying hydrated by drinking an adequate amount of water also helps maintain skin health.
  • Stress Management: Stress can trigger hormonal fluctuations, leading to increased oil production. Practice stress management techniques such as exercise, meditation, or hobbies to reduce stress levels and promote healthier skin.


Oily skin can be managed effectively by understanding its causes and implementing appropriate skincare practices. By adopting a gentle cleansing routine, regular exfoliation, and using oil-control products, it is possible to maintain a balanced complexion. For further information you can consult a Dermatologist in Lahore.

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